Remote’s guide to employing in Turkey.
(est. Dec 2020)
The Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti) is an European unitary presidential constitutional republic that’s jointly famous for its magnificent mosques from the medieval ages, kebabs, and a rich history spanning over 8,000 years till date.
As the world’s 11th largest economy, Turkey has been witnessing a growth in industrialization, driven by gains in the shipbuilding, infrastructure, and technology, and consumer electronics industries.
83,614,362 (est. Dec 2020)
Ease of doing business
Cost of living index
VAT - standard rate
GDP - real growth rate
To employ in Turkey, companies must own a local legal entity in the country or work with a global employment solution. Managing payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance in Turkey can get complicated, especially without established local relationships.
Remote’s global employment solution makes it easy for your company to employ workers in Turkey quickly, efficiently, and in full compliance with all applicable labor laws. We take on the responsibility and legal risks of international employment so you can focus on hiring great talent and growing your business.
The Turkish Constitution and the Labor Act of 2003 defines provisions for employee protections and workers’ rights for Turkey’s workforce of 32 million. Employees in Turkey enjoy protections against discrimination based on age, religion, sexual orientation, gender expression, and race.
Common questions that could come up during the hiring process include minimum wage, overtime rates, and guaranteed paid time off. Remote can help you offer a complete, competitive, and compliant benefits package to your employees in Turkey.
|Saturday, January 1, 2022||New Year's Day|
|Saturday, April 23, 2022||National Sovereignty and Children's Day|
|Sunday, May 1, 2022||Labor Day|
|Tuesday, May 3, 2022||Ramadan Eve||1/2 day - changes annually|
|Wednesday, May 4, 2022||Ramadan Feast||changes annually|
|Thursday, May 5, 2022||Ramadan Feast holiday||changes annually|
|Thursday, May 19, 2022||Commemoration of Ataturk Youth and Sports Day|
|Sunday, July 10, 2022||Sacrifice feast||1/2 day - changes annually|
|Monday, July 11, 2022||Sacrifice feast day 2||changes annually|
|Tuesday, July 12, 2022||Saccrifice feast day 3||changes annually|
|Wednesday, July 13, 2022||Sacrifice feast day 4||changes annually|
|Friday, July 15, 2022||Democracy and National Unity Day|
|Tuesday, August 30, 2022||Victory Day|
|Saturday, October 29, 2022||Republic day|
The Turkish minimum wage is fixed at 2,825 Turkish liras ($329.37) per month.
For customers of Remote, all employee payments will be made in equal monthly installments on or before the last working day of each calendar month, payable in arrears.
We can help you get a new employee started in Turkey fast. The minimum onboarding time we need is often 12 working days.
Our team ensures your employees are onboarded and paid as quickly as possible while keeping your business compliant with all local employment legislation. The minimum onboarding time begins after the employee submits all required information onto the Remote platform. The onboarding timeline is also dependent upon registration with local authorities.
For all non-nationals of the country of employment, the Right to Work assessment (if applicable) will add three extra days to the total time to onboard. There may be extra time required if we need to follow-up on the right to work assessment.
Please note, payroll cut-off dates can impact the actual first day of employment. Remote has a payroll cut-off date of the 10th of the month unless otherwise specified.
Remote can help you provide a competitive and compliant benefits package for your employees in Turkey. If you have questions or would like to offer a custom benefit, let us know and we can help.
Learn how employment taxes and statutory fees affect your payroll and your employees’ paychecks in Turkey.
2% - Short Term Insurance Branch Premium
11% - Insurance & disability
7.5% - General Health Insurance
2% - Unemployment Insurance
9% - Pension & disability
5% - General Health Insurance
1% - Unemployment Insurance
15% - 0 – 24,000
20% - 24,001 – 53,000
27% - 53,001 – 190,000
35% - 190,001 – 650,000
40% - 650,001+
Employees are entitled to paid time off equivalent to their tenure with an employer.
Employees aged 50 and above are automatically entitled to 20 days off annually, while workers engaged in underground activities (mining) are entitled to four days in addition to their basic vacation entitlement.
There are 14 public holidays observed annually.
Employees are entitled to sickness benefits after the third day on which an illness persists, paid by the social security office. Employers are not obligated to pay any sick pay for the first two days of an employee’s illness and can terminate workers after six weeks of sick leave.
Female employees are entitled to 16 weeks (18 week for multiple births) of paid maternity leave, starting 8 weeks before delivery. If the employee dies during childbirth, any unused maternity leave entitlement will be transferred to her partner.
In addition, after completing her maternity leave, an employee can request unpaid leave for half of her weekly working hours for a duration of:
Fathers are entitled to five days of paid maternity leave.
Employee contracts can be terminated if a just cause is established, such as dishonesty, negligence, fraud, or any other work-related offences. That aside, notice should be provided in advance – provided both parties agree to it.
Notice periods in Turkey are determined by an employee’s tenure with the employer as follows:
Employees who’re terminated unfairly are entitled to a severance package equivalent to one month’s wages for every year worked with the employer.
Probationary periods should be written in contract and should not exceed 2months. The probation period may be extended up to 4 months by collective agreement. Within the probation term the parties are free to terminate the employment agreement without having to observe the notice term and without having to pay compensation. The employee’s entitlement to salary and other rights for the days worked are reserved.