Hire employees
and contractors in Turkey

Remote’s guide to employing in Turkey

Capital city
Ankara
Currency
Turkish Lira (TRY)
Population size
83,614,362 (2020)
Language spoken
Turkish
01

Facts & stats

The Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti) is an European unitary presidential constitutional republic that’s jointly famous for its magnificent mosques from the medieval ages, kebabs, and a rich history spanning over 8,000 years till date.

As the world’s 11th largest economy, Turkey has been witnessing a growth in industrialization, driven by gains in the shipbuilding, infrastructure, and technology, and consumer electronics industries.

Turkey Map
  • Capital city
    Ankara
  • Currency
    Turkish Lira (TRY)
  • Language spoken
    Turkish
  • Population size
    83,614,362 (est. Dec 2020)
  • Ease of doing business
    Very Easy (2020)
  • Cost of living index
    31.48 (2021)
  • Payroll frequency
    Bi-Monthly/Monthly
  • VAT – standard rate
    18%
  • GDP - real growth rate
    0.9% (2019)
02

Grow your team in Turkey with Remote

To employ in Turkey, companies must own a local legal entity in the country or work with a global employment solution. Managing payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance in Turkey can get complicated, especially without established local relationships.

Remote’s global employment solution makes it easy for your company to employ workers in Turkey quickly, efficiently, and in full compliance with all applicable labor laws. We take on the responsibility and legal risks of international employment so you can focus on hiring great talent and growing your business.

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Turkey risks illustration

Risks of misclassification

Turkey, like many other countries, treats self-employed individuals or contractors and full-time workers differently and there are risks associated with misclassification.
03

Employing in Turkey

The Turkish Constitution and the Labor Act of 2003 defines provisions for employee protections and workers’ rights for Turkey’s workforce of 32 million. Employees in Turkey enjoy protections against discrimination based on age, religion, sexual orientation, gender expression, and race.

Common questions that could come up during the hiring process include minimum wage, overtime rates, and guaranteed paid time off. Remote can help you offer a complete, competitive, and compliant benefits package to your employees in Turkey.

Public holidays

Date Holiday Name Extra information
New Year’s Day
National Sovereignty and Children's Day
Labour Day
Eid al-Fitr
Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day
Democracy and National Unity Day
Eid al-Adha
Victory Day
Republic Day
Minimum
Wage

The Turkish minimum wage is fixed at 2,825 Turkish liras ($329.37) per month.

Payroll
Cycle
For customers of Remote, all employee payments will be made in equal monthly instalments on or before the last working day of each calendar month, payable in arrears.
04

Competitive benefits package in Turkey

Remote can help you provide a competitive and compliant benefits package for your employees in Turkey. If you have questions or would like to offer a custom benefit, let us know and we can help.

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05

Taxes in Turkey

Learn how employment taxes affect your payroll and your employees’ paychecks in Turkey.

  • Employer

    • 2% - Short Term Insurance Branch Premium
    • 11% - Insurance & disability
    • 7.5% - General Health Insurance
    • 2% - Unemployment Insurance
  • Employee

    • 9% - Pension & disability
    • 5% - General Health Insurance
    • 1% - Unemployment Insurance
  • Personal income tax rates

    • 15% - 0 – 24,000
    • 20% - 24,001 – 53,000
    • 27% - 53,001 – 190,000
    • 35% - 190,001 – 650,000
    • 40% - 650,001+
06

Types of leave

Paid
time off

Employees are entitled to paid time off equivalent to their tenure with an employer.

  • 1 – 5 years: 14 days
  • 6 – 14 years: 20 days
  • 15+ years: 26 days

Employees aged 50 and above are automatically entitled to 20 days off annually, while workers engaged in underground activities (mining) are entitled to four days in addition to their basic vacation entitlement.

Public
holidays

There are 14 public holidays observed annually.

Sick
leave

Employees are entitled to sickness benefits after the third day on which an illness persists, paid by the social security office. Employers are not obligated to pay any sick pay for the first two days of an employee’s illness and can terminate workers after six weeks of sick leave.

Maternity
leave

Female employees are entitled to 16 weeks (18 week for multiple births) of paid maternity leave, starting 8 weeks before delivery. If the employee dies during childbirth, any unused maternity leave entitlement will be transferred to her partner.

In addition, after completing her maternity leave, an employee can request unpaid leave for half of her weekly working hours for a duration of:

  • 60 days – for the first birth
  • 120 days – for the second birth, and
  • 180 days – for the third or more births
Paternity/Parental
leave

Fathers are entitled to five days of paid maternity leave.

Other
leave
  • Personal business leave: Employees are entitled to one three days of paid leave for the death of any first-degree relative.
  • Marriage leave: Employees can take up to three days off to conduct their marriage rites.
  • Adoption: Adoptive parents of children under the age of three are entitled to eight weeks of paid leave, from the day their legal custody is established. In addition, such parents can request up to six months’ unpaid leave after adoption proceedings are finalized.
07

Employment
termination

Termination process

Employee contracts can be terminated if a just cause is established, such as dishonesty, negligence, fraud, or any other work-related offences. That aside, notice should be provided in advance – provided both parties agree to it.

Notice period

Notice periods in Turkey are determined by an employee’s tenure with the employer as follows:

  • 0 – 6 months: 2 weeks’ notice
  • 6 – 18 months: 4 weeks’ notice
  • 18 – 36 months: 6 weeks’ notice
  • 36+ months: 8 weeks’ notice

Severance pay

Employees who’re terminated unfairly are entitled to a severance package equivalent to one month’s wages for every year worked with the employer.

Probation periods

The Turkish Labour Code stipulates that probation periods cannot exceed two months.

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