Facts & stats
South Africa, Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 59 million people, it is the world's 24th-most populous nation. South Africa is a developing country and ranks 113th on the Human Development Index, the seventh-highest in Africa. It has been classified by the World Bank as a newly industrialised country, with the second-largest economy in Africa, and the 33rd-largest in the world.
Grow your team in South Africa with Remote
Employing in South Africa requires employers to own a legal entity in the country and manage payroll, tax, benefits and compliance through their own in-country resources. The complexity of employment regulations in South Africa makes full compliance with employment laws a burdensome process.
Through Remote’s Global Employer of Record solution, your team is employed by our local legal entities in each country, and we take care of payroll, tax, benefits and compliance so you can focus on what matters most -- your people.
South Africa, like many other countries, treats self-employed individuals or contractors and full-time workers differently and there are risks associated with misclassification.
Employing in South Africa
Employment law in South Africa is not contained under a single law and is informed by the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, common law and specific labour legislation. In general, South African labour law is divided into two areas: collective labour law and individual employment law.
Collective labour law governs the relationship between employers and trade unions, disputes, wage agreements, strikes, lockouts, etc.. Legislation related to this is all contained under the Labour Relations Act 66 of 1996 (LRA). Individual employment law relates to the law that govern the minimum terms and conditions of employment, regulation of terminations and disputes concerning unfair dismissal, labour practices, and discrimination claims.
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|New Year's Day|
|Human Rights Day|
|National Women's Day|
|Day of Reconciliation|
|Day of Goodwill|
Minimum hourly wage is 20 ZAR, except for farm workers who have a minimum of 18 ZAR, domestic workers who have a minimum of 15 ZAR and Expanded Public Works Programme workers who have a minimum of 11 ZAR.
There is no set date by which employees have to receive their salaries in South Africa, but this is typically something that the employee and employer come agree on. Payroll cycle can be monthly, weekly or bi-weekly.
Competitive benefits package in South Africa
Besides providing your employees with all statutory benefits in South Africa, Remote can advise on and arrange for custom benefits and perks for your employees upon request.
Taxes in South Africa
Learn how employment taxes affect your payroll and your employees’ paychecks in South Africa.
- 1% - Skills Development Levy (SDL)
- 1% - Unemployment Insurance Fund (UIF)
- 1% - Unemployment Insurance Fund (UIF)
- 18% - Up to 205,900
- 37,062 + 26% of taxable income above 205,900 - 205,901 - 321,600
- 67,144 + 31% of taxable income above 321,600 - 321,601 - 445,100
- 105,429 + 36% of taxable income above 445,100 - 445,101 - 584,200
- 155,505 + 39% of taxable income above 584,200 - 584,201 - 744,800
- 218,139 + 41% of taxable income above 744,800 - 744,801 - 1,577,300
- 559,464 + 45% of taxable income above 1,577,300 - Above 1,577,301
Types of leave
All full-time workers are legally entitled to 21 consecutive days paid holiday leave a year. There are also 12 public holidays in South Africa that are not part of the holiday entitlement.
- Pregnancy and
There is a general right to four consecutive months of unpaid maternity leave. The four months can start anytime from four weeks before the expected birth date or earlier if a medical practioneer supports it as necesarry for the employee's health. After the birth, six weeks are mandatory regardless of stillbirth or not.
Individual employment contracts can provide more favourable and longer terms than the above.
An employee who is a parent but not the primary caregiver is entitled to at least ten days of consecutive unpaid parental leave from the day of the birth.
- Adoption: upon adoption of a child under the age two, employees are entitled to at least ten weeks of adoption. Applies to the primary caretaker. The leave can commence on the date of the adoption is granted or the date the child is placed in their care.
South African employers are able to terminate an employee at will. Dismissals can happen for the following reasons:
- Dismissal without notice for misconduct (for example in the case of theft or other serious misconduct);
- Dismissal due to incapacity (for example due to health or poor performance), usually after opportunity to meet performance standards;
- Dismissal due to operational requirements for the company; or
- Termination by separation agreement, agreed upon by the employee and employer.
The statutory notice period for an employer depends on the duration of employment:
- Less than 6 months: 1 week
- Between 6 months and 1 year: 2 weeks
- Between More than 1 year: 4 weeks
Probationary periods are permitted and must be reasonable with regards to the lenght to determine whether the employee is suitable for the job. 3 to 6 months is fairly commonplace.