Remote’s guide to employing in Belarus.
(March 1, 2021)
Belarusian & Russian
Belarus, officially the Republic of Belarus, is located in Eastern Europe. The country is surrounded by Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania, and Latvia. Belarus ranks relatively well in life expectancy, quality of education, and GDP per capita (especially when compared with other Eatern European nations). All of these factors play a key role in increasing the country's Human Development Index. It is a member of the UN, CIS, EAEU, and the CSTO. Belarus is not a member of the European Union and uses their own Belarusian Ruble as currency.
Belarusian & Russian
9,447,258 (March 1, 2021)
Ease of doing business
Cost of living index
$$$$ (14 of 139 nations)
VAT - standard rate
GDP - real growth rate
Employing in Belarus requires employers to own a legal entity in the country and manage payroll, tax, benefits, and compliance through their own in-country resources. Specific employment regulations in Belarus make full compliance with employment laws a complex process.
Through Remote’s Global Employer of Record solution, your team is employed by our local legal entities in each country, and we take care of payroll, tax, benefits and compliance so you can focus on what matters most - your people.
For organizations looking to hire in Belarus, the first step is to understand the employment laws and labor code of Belarus. Employment contracts can be drawn up for an indefinite term, a fixed term, or for a temporary period. Regulations are often updated and there were several amendments made to the country’s labor code in 2020. There has been a recent addition to the code of a new section (Section 25-1) covering the approach employers must take with regards to remote work.
The following are only guidelines in the broadest sense, and professional legal services are recommended when employing in Belarus.
|Saturday, January 1, 2022||New Year's Day|
|Friday, January 7, 2022||Orthodox Christmas Day|
|Tuesday, March 8, 2022||International Women's Day|
|Sunday, May 1, 2022||Labor Day|
|Tuesday, May 3, 2022||Radonitsa (9 days after Orthodox Easter)|
|Monday, May 9, 2022||Victory Day|
|Sunday, July 3, 2022||Independence Day|
|Monday, November 7, 2022||October Revolution Day|
|Sunday, December 25, 2022||Christmas Day|
In Belarus, the minimum wage is 400 Belarusian Rubles per month in 2021.
For customers of Remote, all employee payments will be made in equal bi-monthly installments, payable in arrears.
We can help you get a new employee started in Belarus fast. The minimum onboarding time we need is only 17 working days.
Our team ensures your employees are onboarded and paid as quickly as possible while keeping your business compliant with all local employment legislation. The minimum onboarding time begins after the employee submits all required information onto the Remote platform. The onboarding timeline is also dependent upon registration with local authorities.
For all non-nationals of the country of employment, the Right to Work assessment (if applicable) will add three extra days to the total time to onboard. There may be extra time required if we need to follow-up on the right to work assessment.
Please note, payroll cut-off dates can impact the actual first day of employment. Remote has a payroll cut-off date of the 10th of the month unless otherwise specified.
Beyond providing your employees with all statutory benefits in Belarus, Remote can help you create a competitive custom benefits package for your Belarus team. If you have questions about any type of benefit, let us know.
Learn how employment taxes and statutory fees affect your payroll and your employees’ paychecks in Belarus.
28% - Pension
6% - Health Insurance
Note: Compulsory pension and social contributions are calculated at 34% of the employee's gross salary.
However, contributions are capped at five times the average monthly wage for the previous month in Belarus, so the actual contribution amounts may be lower than 34%.
34% - Total Employment Cost
1% - Pension Fund
Income for Belarusian employees is generally taxed at a flat rate of 13% (there are a small number of specific exceptions).
All employees are entitled to a basic annual leave quota of 24 calendar days. Every employee is also entitled to nine paid public holidays. National Holidays in Belarus are classified into state holidays and other holidays and commemorative days, including religious holidays.
Expecting mothers are entitled to 18 weeks (126 days) of paid leave with 100 % pay. This can be increased to 140 days in the case of any medical complications or if two or more kids are born at the same time. Mothers can also access three years of unpaid maternity leave, and the employee’s position must be kept open for this time. The employee can resume work earlier than planned if desired.
Unfortunately, fathers and partners have no paid leave entitlements in Belarus. However, 14 days of unpaid leave is available to parents in the first six months after the child’s birth. Therefore it's not a mandatory requirement to pay your employee for this leave, but this is becoming a more common practice for leading companies.
Employees receive 80% of their average daily earnings for the first 12 days of general illness or injury.
Belarusian employers have the obligation to provide reasons to the employee for termination based on the employee’s conduct at work, business-related economic reasons, and/or the ability of the employee to perform duties at work effectively.
Additional clauses related to termination must be included in the contract between the employee and employer. The contract must cover clauses related to the following scenarios, and what happens when the duration of the contract comes to an end.
Type of terminations:
If an employment contract is terminated after a probationary period the employer must provide valid and just reason. The notice period must be a minimum of two months unless this is otherwise stated in an agreement.
In Belarus, employers must offer a minimum of one-month notice period. The maximum notice period that can be established is three months.
Usually, severance payment details are specified in the employment contract. Generally a default minimum of two weeks of the employee’s average salary is applied.
In Belarus, the maximum probation period is up to three months. In the case of early termination during the probationary period, a minimum of three days’ notice is required.